Constitution Day & Citizenship Day

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September 17 has three celebrations. Constitution Day & Citizenship Day commemorates the 1787 signing of the Constitution of the United States, despite Rhode Island holding out until 1790 and, all naturalized citizens. Patrick Henry refused to attend the Convention as he preferred the Articles of Confederation. He feared a strong central government and saw the Constitution a step backwards.

Will the abandonment of your most sacred rights tend the security of your liberty? Liberty, the greatest of all earthly blessings—give us that precious jewel and you may take everything else. But I fear I have lived long enough to become an old-fashioned fellow. Perhaps an invincible attachment to the dearest rights of man may, in these refined, enlightened days, be deemed old-fashioned: if so, I am contented to be so.

He managed to settle himself down after the Constitutional ratification as the convention members proposed 40 amendments, some of which became the Bill of Rights.

Under the 14th Amendment of the U.S. Constitution, citizenship is defined as “All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside.”

This holiday was first recognized in Iowa in 1911. The Sons of the American Revolution promoted it in 1917.

Also celebrated today:
National Apple Dumpling Day (Yum!)
National Monte Cristo Day (Also, yum!)

Cheers and enjoy!

The Battle of Antietam: September 17, 1862

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Battle of Antietam Image
Photo Credit: emergingcivilwar.com

[From: Wikipedia & The History Channel]
One hundred and sixty-five years ago, today, The Battle of Antietam, also known as the Battle of Sharpsburg, particularly in the Southern U.S., occurred September 17, 1862, at Antietam Creek near Sharpsburg, Maryland. It pitted Confederate General Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia against Union General George McClellan’s Army of the Potomac and was the culmination of Lee’s attempt to invade the north. The battle’s outcome would be vital to shaping America’s future and it remains the deadliest one-day battle in all American military history, with a combined tally of 22,717 dead, wounded or missing.

McClellan had halted Lee’s invasion of Maryland but, Lee was able to withdraw his army back to Virginia without interference from the cautious McClellan. McClellan’s refusal to pursue Lee’s army led to his removal from command by President Abraham Lincoln in November. Although the battle was tactically inconclusive, the Confederate troops had withdrawn first from the battlefield and abandoned their invasion, making it a Union strategic victory. It was a sufficiently significant victory to give Lincoln the confidence to announce his Emancipation Proclamation, which discouraged the British and French governments from pursuing any potential plans to recognize the Confederacy.

Antietam Bloody Lane Image
Photo Credit: loc.gov

[From: Emerging Civil War…another take…]
Fortunately, for the sake of debate, the outcome of Civil War battles is not as clear-cut as that of a football game, where one can look at the scoreboard at the end of the game and easily determine who won, who lost, or, in some cases, if the outcome was a draw. Historians endlessly debate whether certain battles were overwhelming victories, marginal victories, or draws. Perhaps no other battle’s tactical outcome is more misunderstood than the bloodiest single day battle of the war: Antietam.

No one would doubt Antietam’s significance in the larger picture of the war. However, the common conception of Antietam is that the battle was tactically a draw, with neither side having gained a significant enough of an advantage to have claimed the victory. This article will challenge that commonly held belief, using particular instances from the battle and the Maryland Campaign to demonstrate the Army of the Potomac’s victory at Antietam.

[Had this battle been a Confederate victory, this country might look very, very different. ~Victoria]

Blogger Recognition Award

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Blogger Recognition Award Image
Photo Credit: onestoneaway.com

Thank you for the nomination, Bottomless Coffee 007. I was surprised and pleased by this and, I apologize bunches for my delay in responding to your generous gift.

The Rules:

  1. Thank the blogger who nominated you and provide a link to their blog.
  2. Write a post to show your award.
  3. Give a brief story of how your blog started.
  4. Give two pieces of advice to new bloggers.
  5. Select 15 or more fellow bloggers for this award.
  6. Let each nominee know you’ve nominated them and leave a link to your post.

Ok. Rule One completed. Rule Two done.

Rule Three:
This is my answer from the first time I was asked
This blog is my third attempt to share. My first one was started in 2008 and was pretty much all political. I’m not a political animal anymore. I grew out of it. My second blog was about yoga and the 2012 event. It didn’t last long and I don’t even remember the name of it.

[Late Add…] I would rather blog than waste my time on FakeBook, Twits-R-Us, Instagross or anything else that I am not aware of. I have one of the few blogs that isn’t connected to those three. It is a standalone and it is sort of a throwback to the old MySpace days. Unless Gaggle and Bong decide to algorithm us out of existence, tags in posts can be found via search engines.

This blog exists to showcase The Chris Thomas Files, history, my photography and, any random thoughts that pop out of my head and land on the page…for better or worse.

Rule Four:

  1. I am not good at giving advice. I am much better with random sarcastic remarks.
  2. Blog about what you love. “If you build it, he [they] will come.”

Rule Five:
Britchy’s Bitchin’ In The Kitchen [Eighth nomination]
Ash’s Lucid Being
H@rdip’s Marvellous Pages [Fourth nomination]
Lady Emily Rose’s Knight of Angels [Fourth nomination]
Mike Metzer’s Life As A Small Sparrow
The Mad Truther’s A Sweet Dose of Reality [Excellent site but, not into blogging awards]
Prof77’s Dregs of the Future [Been blogging nearly as long as I have and, also, not into blogging awards]
Michele’s The Hippy Chic [Third nomination]
Marc-Andre’s Katzenworld [They have more awards than I can count]
Gun Roswell’s Rantings of a Third Kind [Tenth nomination]
J. Tolbert’s It’s Not Complicated
Liz’s Under My Skin [Fourth nomination]
Gary Loggins’ Cracked Rear Viewer
David Redpath’s Highway Bloggery
Kavita’s Sunshiny South African Site [Fourth nomination]

Rule Six:
Will do.

~Victoria

Shutterbug Saturday

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Flowers, critters and ‘shrooms!

Coleus & Adirondack Image
Personal Collection From 08-25-2018

My favorite place to sit.

Flowers & Bug Image
Personal Collection From 09-08-2018

Just hanging out.

Flowers & Bee Image
Personal Collection From 09-08-2018

Got the bee’s hiney. LOL!

Bumble In The Liriope Image
Personal Collection From 08-17-2018

Another shot of the Bumble I chased all over the yard.

Shroom Farm Image
Personal Collection From 08-07-2018

Happy ‘shrooms on the hill.

Flick Friday: September 14, 2008

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Burn After Reading Image
Photo Credit: fanart.tv

It’s Flick Friday! Ten years ago, today, the #1 movie was Burn After Reading, a black comedy from the Coen Brothers that brought us hits like Fargo and The Big Lebowski. I’ve never seen this movie, or The Big Lebowski for that matter but, I have seen Fargo, which was an absolute trip. At least the brothers aren’t as gory as Tarentino. ~Victoria

Throwback Thursday: Hurricane Ike 2008

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Hurricane Ike NOAA Image
Photo Credit: panews.com

While we are on the subject of hurricanes, ten years ago, today, Hurricane Ike struck Galveston, Texas, at 2:10am CDT. It was recorded as a Category 4 on September 4 as it moved near the Leeward Islands. Though it had lessened in strength from its prior Cat4 status to Cat2, this was a bad storm in costs, damage and death. Ike’s storm surge went right over the Galveston Seawall, a ten-mile wall built for protection after the devastating Galveston Hurricane of 1900.

Ike claimed 195 lives…74 in Haiti, six in Cuba and 113 in the US. As of August 2011, 16 are still missing. This was a huge storm that also damaged the Bahamas, the Turks & Caicos, the Florida Panhandle, Mississippi and Louisiana. It is the most expensive storm to ever hit Cuba and, at $38 billion, was the second-costliest storm in US history until 2012.

I was living in Texas when Ike hit. I was too far inland to be affected by more than some rain storms. The terrain in Texas is quite different from North Carolina and even though the Austin Area is roughly the same distance from the Texas coast as the Piedmont/Triangle is from the NC coast, my native Texan friends told me that Austin had never been hit by a hurricane.

I was employed by the very agency that responded to the disaster…The Texas General Land Office, though I was not working in the Coastal Management Unit. I was working for the Veterans Land Board but, I remember the teams going down to help with the clean up and the pictures of the damage that were posted to our intranet. The stunning images of the debris that littered I-45 and the heartbreaking photos of the flooding to downtown Galveston. NASA’s Johnson Space Center (Houston, we’ve had a problem…) suffered roof damage to Mission Control and my beloved Lone Star Flight Museum wound up with $18 million in damaged planes and had to be moved inland to Ellington Field. ~Victoria

Wayback Wednesday: SS Central America & Historical Trivia Bits

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SS Central America Image
Photo Credit: coinweek.com

In 1857, caught in a Category 2 Hurricane, the SS Central America sank 160 miles off the coast of Cape Hatteras, North Carolina, drowning 420+, including Captain of the Ship Commander William Lewis Herndon. Nicknamed The Ship of Gold, 30,000 pounds of gold from the California Gold Rush went down with her, exacerbating The Panic of 1857.

It wasn’t until very recently that the lost gold was recovered and only two years ago that the salvage award of 100% was awarded.

Funky Library Unsplash Image
Photo Credit: Jonathan Francisca on Unsplash

In other September 12 trivia bits, as we wait for Hurricane Florence 2018 to show up, this appears to be a rather bad day for hurricanes. Did you know that there have been six Atlantic Hurricanes named Florence? She gets around. ~Victoria

1609 Henry Hudson sailed up his river namesake and into what is now known as New York Harbor aboard his ship Halve Maen…”Half Moon”.

1755 Giacomo Casanova was sentenced to five years in prison without a trial for “an affront to common decency and religion”.

1910 Alice Stebbins Wells was hired as the first LAPD Policewoman.

1919 Adolph Hitler joined the German Workers Party

1928 The Okeechobee Hurricane, a Category 4 storm, struck Guadeloupe, killing 1,200.

1940 Prehistoric wall paintings were discovered in the Lascaux Caves in France.

1942 The *second* RMS Laconia, launched April 9, 1921, was torpedoed and sunk off the coast of West Africa.

1952 The Braxton County Monster or the Phantom of Flatwoods was sighted in West Virginia, sickening witnesses and becoming a bizarre cultural reference.

1953 John Fitzgerald Kennedy married Jacqueline Lee Bouvier at Saint Mary’s Church in New Port, Rhode Island.

1962 President John F. Kennedy delivered his “We choose to go to the moon…” speech at Rice Stadium in Houston, Texas.

1977 Activist Bantu Stephen ‘Steve’ Biko was killed in police custody.

1979 Hurricane Frederic, a Category 4 storm, slammed into Dauphin Island, Alabama, destroying the bridge to the mainland and killing five.

1988 Hurricane Gilbert, the most intense Atlantic hurricane on record until 2005, devastated Jamaica, produced a 19 foot storm surge and killed 49.

1990 The German Treaty was signed allowing Germany’s reunification.

1992 Space Shuttle Endeavor embarked on NASA’s 50th shuttle mission.

2011 The National September 11 Memorial & Museum opens to the public ten years and one day after the attack.